Symptom Focused Therapies
Symptom focused therapies aim to identify, target and alleviate specific psychological, emotional and behavioural symptoms, or clusters of symptoms. Often, these clusters form a psychological diagnosis such that symptom focused therapies are frequently designed to treat specific diagnostic categories. Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is the most well-known of the Symptom Focused Therapies. CBT helps people challenge their own thinking patterns (which may be distorted or irrational) and behavioural patterns (which may be unhealthy or maladaptive) in order to help them overcome their psychological symptoms. It is by far the most researched psychotherapeutic modality and is often the preferred treatment model, as it focuses on symptom reduction.